As runners and walkers we share roads, trails, and race course with one another and with vehicles. For everyone to be safe, here are a few common sense rules of etiquette to follow.
On the Road
Stay on the side of the road facing traffic. That way you can see approaching cars and bicycles. Always give these vehicles the right-of-way for safety sake. Wear reflective gear when running in the dark. Stay on the sidewalks when you can. Never ever assume that a vehicle is going to stop for you. Let them go by and then continue your workout.
On The Trail
Stay on the right on trails as well. If you need to pass a slower runner, pass on the left and give a verbal warning. Listen for bicycles approaching from behind. They should announce "passing on your left" before they come by. Most city trails are used by bikers, runners, and walkers. Even though it's tempting, avoid walking or running more than 2 abreast. When 3 or 4 people stretch out across a trail, there's no way for people coming from either directions to get by.
On The Track
Tracks Lanes are numbered from the inside lane. Lane 1 is the far left inside lane. When you are warming up, cooling down, or just running easy, don't run in the 2 inside lanes. These lanes are reserved for fast runners. Walkers need to use the outside lanes too. If you're doing a speed workout or a time trial, those inside lanes are for you. When a faster runner needs to pass you, they will often call out "track" which means they want you to move to your right so they can pass you on an inside lane.
In a Race
All speeds of runners and walkers are welcome in local races. For all participants to be safe, here's what to remember. It would be courteous for slower runners and walkers to line up at the back of the start pack. Like on the track or trails, slower runners should move toward the right so faster runners can pass on the left. Congestion often occurs when there are 2 distances (for example a 5K and a 10K) sharing the same course and finishing in the same location. It is reasonable to expect that 10K runners will be finishing at the same time as 5K walkers. This is when walkers need to be very careful about staying to the right and not walking more than 2 abreast. Everybody is tired at the end of their race, and they need the most direct path to the finish line.
Share the roads and trails, be safe, use common sense.